Mexico - Obtain Naturalization Certificate

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Procedure[edit]

Naturalization is the process by which you apply for, and if successful subsequently adopt, Mexican Nationality.
In compliance with Article 19 (part III) of the Law of Nationality, those interested in obtaining Mexican nationality through naturalization must take a test on his/her general knowledge of Mexican history and culture.
You must submit your application and all required documents to the Mexican Department of Foreign Affairs.(SRE)

  • The SRE will study your application.
  • You shall sign an affidavit stating that you swear loyalty to the Mexican Government and that you renounce your original nationality for purposes of Mexican law.



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Required Documents[edit]

  • DNN-3 application form. This form must be typed or printed by hand, legibly and in black ink.
  • The original and two photocopies of all of the pages of your valid immigration document issued by the Ministry of the Interior (Segob) that demonstrates your residence in Mexico for one uninterrupted year immediately prior to the date of your application.

Your immigration document must be valid for at least 6 months more at the time your application is submitted.

  • The original and two photocopies of all of the pages of your foreign passport or, if applicable, of a document proving your identity and your travel documents.
  • A certified copy of the foreign birth certificate of the applicant, issued by the appropriate civil registry office and legalized by the Mexican diplomatic or consular officer at the place of issuance.

Alternatively, procure an apostille from the correct authorities for the certificate.
It must also be translated into Spanish by a translator with authorization from the Supreme Court of any Mexican state or the Federal District.

  • Demonstrate the nationality of the adoptive parent or of the custodians by presenting one of the following documents:
    • Birth certificate issued in conformity with the applicable laws
    • Certificate of Mexican nationality by birth
    • Certificate of naturalization
    • If not in possession of any of the above-mentioned documents, nationality can be demonstrated with any item that, in conformity with the law, leads the authorities to believe that the requirement of Mexican nationality is fulfilled.
  • If applicable, present a copy certified by the appropriate authorities of the legal document supporting the adoption.
  • A passport-sized color photograph (4.5 x 3.5 cm) taken within the past thirty days, full face, white background, no glasses, no headgear.
  • Proof of payment of the corresponding fee.



Office Locations & Contacts[edit]

SRE Ministry of Foreign Affairs,
Plaza Jurez #20, Col. Centro, CP 06010,
Cuauhtmoc,
Phone: (55) 3686 5100

Foreign Ministry
Address: Ricardo Flores Magn, No. 1,
Ex Colegio de la Santa Cruz de Tlatelolco,
Plaza de las Tres Culturas, 06995
Mexico City
Email: uenlace@sre.gob.mx



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Eligibility[edit]

  • At least 18 years of age;
  • Have been lawfully admitted to Mexico under the Immigrant Status;
  • Have resided in the country continuously for at least 2 or 5 years;
  • Are able to speak, read, and write the Spanish language;
  • Have knowledge of the Mexican government and Mexican history;
  • Are of good moral character; and
  • Are attached to the principles of the Mexican Constitution.



Fees[edit]

Explain the fees structure which is required for obtaining the certificate/document.



Validity[edit]

This certificate does not expire however Mexican nationality acquired by naturalization is lost in the following cases:

  • For voluntary acquisition of a foreign nationality, for posing as a foreigner in any

public document, for using a foreign passport, or for accepting or using titles of nobility that imply submission to a foreign State, and;

  • For residing in foreign territory for five consecutive years.

(Article 37 (B) of the Mexican Constitution.)



Documents to Use[edit]

Please attach documents that can be used by people. e.g. links



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Sample Documents[edit]

Examen_de_Historia_y_Cultura_de_Mexico_para_el_tramite_de_Naturalizacion.pdf


Processing Time[edit]

After the filing of your application, your CN should be issued within a period of 6 to 10 months provided that all requirements have been met.


Related Videos[edit]

Videos explaining the procedure or to fill the applications. Attach videos using the following tag <&video type="website">video ID|width|height<&/video&> from external websites.Please remove the "&" inside the tags during implementation.Website = allocine, blip, dailymotion, facebook, gametrailers, googlevideo, html5, metacafe, myspace, revver, sevenload, viddler, vimeo, youku, youtubewidth = 560, height = 340, Video ID = Can be obtained from the URL of webpage where the video is displayed.e.g In the following url "http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y0US7oR_t3M" Video ID is "Y0US7oR_t3M". 



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Instructions[edit]

This certificate is issued to foreign citizens who can demonstrate that they have resided in Mexico with a permanent resident status for at least the five years immediately prior to the date of their naturalization application, or two years of residency if:

  • She or he is a direct descendant of a Mexican by birth; or
  • Is the mother or father of a Mexican by birth; or
  • Is a national of a Latin American or Iberian country; or
  • To the judgment of the Secretariat, she or he has performed or created outstanding works in a cultural, social, scientific, technical, artistic, sports or business area that benefit the nation, in which case, the foreigner is not required to have resided in the country for the number of years prescribed in the law
  • Foreigners who marry Mexicans must show that they have resided and lived together as a couple in Mexico for two years immediately prior to the date of the application.

It will not be necessary for the couple's residence to be located in Mexico if the Mexican spouse is residing abroad in the service or on behalf of the Mexican government.
For marriages between foreigners, the acquisition of Mexican nationality by one of the spouses after the marriage will permit the other spouse to obtain nationality, provided he/she meets the requirements of this subsection; and

  • Residence of one year immediately prior to the application will be sufficient in the case of adopted children and minor descendants to the second degree subject to the parental authority of a Mexican.

If the person exercising parental authority has not applied to have his/her adopted children or the minors naturalized, they may apply for naturalization within one year after the date on which they reach the age of majority, in the terms of this subsection.



Required Information[edit]

This document is issued to foreign citizens who can demonstrate that they were adopted by or descendents (up to two generations) of Mexicans, that they were in the custody of Mexicans, and who can demonstrate that they have been living in Mexico for one uninterrupted year immediately prior to the date of the application for naturalization with an FM2 visa (booklet or photo i.d. card) and the immigration status of inmigrante (immigrant) or inmigrado (immigrated).


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Need for the Document[edit]

Naturalization (or naturalisation) is the acquisition of citizenship and nationality by somebody who was not a citizen or national of that country when he or she was born.
The naturalization certificate will be valid starting on the day after it is issued.
Anyone who acquires Mexican nationality may retain it, even after a divorce, except in the event that the marriage is annulled for causes attributable to the naturalized spouse.



Information which might help[edit]

Mexican naturalization offers several benefits to foreigners.
Among them (in no particular order of importance): you can vote, change address or jobs without having to inform the National Institute of Immigration (INM) of your every move, wait less time in immigration lines at airports, and avoid having to pay to change your immigration status and/or renew your visa each year to extend you stay in Mexico.


Other uses of the Document/Certificate[edit]

Please explain what are other uses of obtaining this document/certificate.e.g. Birth Certificate can be used as proof of identity.



External Links[edit]

http://visasmex.com/Eng/mexican_visas/Naturalization/naturalization.html
http://www.sre.gob.mx/en/index.php/naturalization-certificate
http://www.sre.gob.mx/en/



Others[edit]

Depending on your nationality, you might have to surrender citizenship of your home country when you take up your Mexican nationality.
And you should also check with a financial adviser about the implications that your naturalization may have on your personal and business tax affairs.